60 Future Forwards: Exploring Frontiers in Education
Annual online student and teacher surveys are the primary data source of the IRC’s Technology Use and
Belief Study. As such, both the teacher and student surveys were carefully developed to empirically
access (and perceived access) to technology at school,
use of technology in school,
frequency of different teaching and learning practices in school,
attitudes and beliefs toward technology and learning, and
access and use of technology outside of school
Building on over a decade of research and development, much of the IRC survey content employs dynamic
and innovative item types and represents the state-of-the-art in practices in quantitative data collection
(Bebell, O’Dwyer, Russell, & Hoffman; 2010). Since Cohort 2 and 3 schools have not collected data yet, the
remainder of this report provides some example snapshots of results and interpretations from the six
Cohort 1 schools in Spring 2013. Using this available data, we can begin to reflect on how these results
can be used to address research questions. Although provided here primarily for illustrative purposes, the
following research questions were informed using this first year IRC data:
Which subjects are more closely integrated with student technology use?
How does student technology use differ across Elementary, Middle and High School?
How often do students use technology for different tasks in school?
Are there grade level differences within schools and subjects in how students and teachers use
Is there a relationship between students’ Facebook use and their distractibility in class?
The accompanying text highlights selected first year study results. It also shares how schools are beginning
to use this information for reflection and ultimately to evolve teaching, learning, and educational
technology practices. Before exploring this data, Figure 1 first details the maturity of each school’s 1-to- 1
program across individual grade levels.
Figure 1: Maturity of 1-to- 1 student computing programs across IRC Tech Study Cohort 1 schools